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Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism$
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Richard English

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265901

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265901.001.0001

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How and Why Do Terrorist Campaigns End?

How and Why Do Terrorist Campaigns End?

Chapter:
(p.111) 7 How and Why Do Terrorist Campaigns End?
Source:
Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism
Author(s):

Audrey Kurth Cronin

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265901.003.0007

In order to assess terrorist groups within a broad historical and strategic framework, it is vital to assess how and why terrorist campaigns end. Moreover, if effective counter-terrorism is to be developed, then serious reflection is required regarding what happens during the final phase of terrorist campaigns, and why. This chapter therefore: first, analyses four classic strategies of terrorism and considers why Western democracies have particular difficulty responding to them; second, it reviews six historical patterns of endings for terrorist organisations that have emerged from scholarly research on hundreds of groups; third, it assesses (in light of these six patterns) which counter-terrorism policies have hastened al-Qaida’s demise and which have not, while also reflecting upon the rise of ISIS and its potential future significance.

Keywords:   terrorism, counter-terrorism, al-Qaida, ISIS

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